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The Different Parts of the Brain and Their Functions

Alexander Neumeister

· brain,neuroscience,functions,Alexander Neumeister

Without the brain, the body would have difficulty functioning. The brain is divided up into areas that focus on different areas of functioning. The brain divides into areas could the occipital lobe, temporal lobes, parietal lobe, frontal lobe, cerebral cortex, cerebellum, hypothalamus, thalamus, pituitary gland, pineal gland, amygdala, and the hippocampus.

Occipital Lobe

This can be found in the back of the brain. It gives the brain the ability to recognize objects. It is the reason we are able to see.

Temporal Lobes

Temporal lobes are located on both sides of the brain right above the ears. They are responsible for hearing, our memory, and understanding meaning and languages. They can also play a role in emotions and how well we learn. These lobes help us interpret and process auditory stimuli.

Frontal Lobe

This lobe is responsible for the emotions we feel and how we reason, plan, and even speak. Your creativity judgment, problem-solving, and planning are all affected by this part of the brain.

Parietal Lobes

Located behind the frontal lobes, above the temporal lobes, and close to the back of the brain, the parietal lobes are connected to the nerves. They are responsible for process nerve impulses that relate to the senses. These help you touch, taste, feel pressure, pain, and temperature. They also affect language functions.

Cerebral Cortex

This wrinkled part of the brain is very important. It consists of the occipital lobe, temporal lobe, parietal lobe, and the frontal lobe. It helps control your thinking, voluntary movements, language, reasoning, and your perception.

Cerebrum

It is the most developed part of the human brain. It is located in the front area of your skull and consists of two hemispheres. It is mainly responsible for controlling your movements, balance, posture and other complex sensories.

Hypothalamus

This part of the brain is responsible for very important behaviors. Sleep, hunger, thirst, appetite, temperature, emotions and thirst are some of the components that the hypothalamus controls. This area is located at the base of the brain and is about the size of a pea.

Thalamus

The thalamus relays information to the cerebral cortex about sensory information. The cerebral cortex sends information back to the thalamus which then the thalamus relays it to other parts of the brain and even the brain stem.

Pituitary Gland

This gland is in charge of turning your food into energy. Without the pituitary, the food you eat wouldn’t give you any energy. It also is in control of your hormones.

Pineal Gland

This gland is activated by light and also controls your growth and maturity. If you don’t spend enough time in the light, your gland would never start working and your growth would be stunted.

Amygdala

There are two of the amygdala. They control emotions and regulate how you are feeling. It determines if you get happy, mad, or sad. If you didn’t have an amygdala you wouldn’t feel any emotion no matter what happened.

Hippocampus

The hippocampus is another very important area in the brain. It forms and stores memories and helps in learning and comprehending. If the hippocampus would stop functioning, you wouldn’t be able to remember anything.

These areas of the brain all function together to keep you breathing, moving, and living. It is one of the most important organs in the human body and one of the most complex. It can determine how we live whether we have a speech impediment, Alzheimer’s, or vision loss. Keeping your brain safe is dire for making sure your whole body is functioning properly.

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